The First Enslaved Africans in America

From Florida to Virginia

William Spivey
ZORA
Published in
5 min readSep 3, 2023

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Unknown. Part of the Blakeslee Collection, apparently collected by John Taylor of Hartford, Connecticut, USA, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

The first Black people brought to America by Europeans were slaves and at least one free man on ships, part of Ponce de Leon's expedition in 1513. The free man, Juan Garrido, was a former slave who'd received his freedom while in Spain. Garrido became a Spanish conquistador and later introduced wheat to the New World in Mexico after helping Hernan Cortez

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William Spivey
ZORA
Writer for

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